Because the eyes of a rabbit are positioned on the side of its head, the animal has an almost 360-degree field of view. As well as having panoramic vision, they are also able to see high above their heads.
A rabbit’s eyes have evolved perfectly for their evolutionary needs; their eyes aren’t just for foraging and going about their day-to-day lives, but mostly for predator avoidance. They’re capable of quickly detecting potential predators from the front, sides, or from behind them. This gives rabbits a better chance of survival and a head start in making a quick getaway if ever they felt in danger.
By comparison, our eyes are specially designed for binocular vision, which relies upon two high with over lapping field of view to give highly accurate depth perception – this is essential for primates originally meant for a life leaping through the trees.
Although rabbits have incredible range, their eyesight isn’t perfect, only being able to focus on shapes and movements. To help them, they can be seen bobbing their heads up and down and looking around quickly to better scope out their surroundings. They can stand up on their strong hind legs for an even clearer vantage point to spot predators coming their way, and will thump their legs to alert other rabbits of incoming danger.