This breed was around at the same time as the pharaohs
Dogs have been domesticated for well over 10,000 years, but there haven’t always been distinct breeds.
The Guinness World Record holder for the oldest dog breed is the saluki, which dates back to ancient Egypt around 328 BCE. Also known as Persian greyhounds, these hunting dogs were bred to chase foxes and gazelles.
With their short hair, floppy ears, deep, narrow chests and wide hips they were prized across the Middle East. Their mummified remains have been discovered in the pyramids, they appear in Christian imagery, and they feature in paintings from ancient China.
There is evidence of a similar breed in Sumerian carvings dating back to 7,000 BCE, but salukis weren’t the first domestic dogs. All modern dogs belong to the same species, Canis familiaris, thought to have been tamed between 35,000 and 10,000 years ago from a line of wild wolves that are now extinct.