Why do camels spit?

Camels don’t actually spit. They are ruminants, like cows, and are able to regurgitate the contents of their stomach to chew it for a second time. When threatened, camels can bring up the contents of their stomach, mix it with saliva and project it towards an aggressor. This technique is often used if the camel feels threatened, but it’s also a means by which individuals in a group establish hierarchy and a way that females can defend themselves from a persistent male.